THE WINDS OF CHANGE ON THE ISLAMIC GEOGRAPHY
In TUNISIA, a young man named Mohamed Bouazizi attempted suicide by setting himself on fire to protest unemployment, poverty and corruption and his images spread throughout the country just to extend the scale of protests among the public, which finally turned into a civil commotion. After the refusal of General Rachid Ammar, the Army Commander to obey the order to shoot protesters, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, the President of Tunisia, left his country and fled to Saudi Arabia after 23 years in power. Mohamed Ghannouchi, the Prime Minister of the government dissolved by Ben Ali, assumed the Presidency as required by the Tunisian Constitution; and he formed the “National Unity Government” including leaders of opposition parties in which the ministers of defense, home affairs and finance of the former government remained their positions. However, with the continuing protests, the government resigned. By the end of January, a provisional government was formed under the leadership of Mohamed Ghannouchi. The Prime Minister Ghannouchi announced that elections would be held within six months and the new government would take over.